10 Fun and Fascinating Dog Facts You Never Knew

It is very difficult to answer the question of how many pet dogs live in families around the world. It is not possible to count them. Dogs need care: they need to be fed, cared for, walked, trained. It takes a lot of time and money, but most people still prefer dogs to fish or rats right from the start.

However, there is nothing surprising here. In return, these animals give a lot of positive emotions. Dogs are the most devoted and loyal friends. Most owners are sure that they know absolutely everything about their pets.

If you also have this beautiful animal, or just like to learn something new, pay attention to our article. Below is a ranking of the most interesting and surprising facts about dogs.

10. Dogs see better in the dark than in daylight.

According to scientists, dogs are transitional animals. They are among those lucky ones who can see both day and night. In the dark, their vision will be 3 to 4 times better than that of a human. This is due to the particular structure of the retina. This fact can also be explained in terms of evolution. Dogs are predatory animals, in nature, they hunt mainly at night.

An animal’s ability to see is influenced by several other factors. Dogs are better at distinguishing moving objects. The sense of smell plays an important role. The dog has another “secret weapon” that helps him see at night: his whiskers. They help the animal to determine the approach of danger or prey.

9. Significantly different from each other depending on race

Of course, we are not talking about differences in the appearance of animals. It appears that, the nature and behavior of a dog largely depends on whether it belongs to a particular breed.

A group of neuroscientists at Harvard studied this question. As a result of the study, they found that there are big differences between brain anatomy. Without going into details, we can conclude that each breed has its own purpose (hunting, protection).

True, some scientists consider the study unreliable, since most modern dogs live in apartments or houses and lead a completely different lifestyle than their predecessors.

8. A nose print is unique, just like human fingerprints.

Every dog ​​has its own nasal print. This pattern is individual and cannot be confused with the pattern of another animal..

A Chinese artificial intelligence developer recently took an interest in this question. The company has created a smartphone app (“Megvii”) that can be used to recognize the animal. This application will be very useful if the animal gets lost.

Chinese developers say it can also be used in case of trouble. For example, if the owner walks the dog without a muzzle. Based on this information, they plan to compile notes “uncivilized content” animals.

7. Can detect various diseases in a person

This fact may sound fantastic, but it is true. Dogs use their sense of smell to detect human diseases. Scientists say the animal can be trained to detect cancer and other serious diseases.

Dogs can anticipate an epileptic seizure up to 45 minutes before it begins. In addition, furry friends are able to “sense” the feelings and emotions of their owners through smell.

6. Nose – cooling system

Dog owners should be aware that their pets can only sweat through their noses and paw pads. Special glands are located in the nose. They release moisture, when breathing it evaporates, the mucous membranes of the animal are cooled.

The cooling system of long-nosed dogs works much more efficiently than that of bulldogs, pugs, etc. That is why representatives of these breeds have problems with cooling. They struggle with heat and exercise. If we consider this feature from the point of view of anatomy, these animals have an anomaly in the structure of the skull, which arose as a result of selective work and is now inherited.

5. See dreams

Dog owners often notice their pets twitching their paws, growling, and even trying to bite someone while they sleep. It can be concluded that they too can “enjoy” dreams.

Biologists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology conducted a series of studies on the brain of dogs and proved that it is similar to the human brain.

Another no less interesting question: what are they dreaming about? Scientists have tried to answer it. They believe that dogs dream of events that happened to them in real life, and they also often dream of their owners. Just take their word for it.

4. Great Dane – the tallest breed

Great Danes are called “Hounds of Apollo“. They are graceful and majestic animals. The height can reach 90 cm., weight – varies from 60 to 90 kg, depending on gender and hereditary characteristics. Despite their fearsome appearance, Great Danes are fairly calm animals. They are confident, friendly, reserved.

Interesting fact: the tallest dog in the world is Giant George, just a representative of this breed. The animal lived in the city of Tucson. Her height was 1.1 m, weight – 110 kg. When the dog stood up on its hind legs, it was much taller than its owner – 2.2 meters. This dog looked more like a giant horse. Unfortunately, George did not live long in this world, he died at the age of 7.

3. dogs in space

The Americans sent monkeys into space, and in the Soviet Union this mission was given to dogs. In 1957, 12 animals were selected for this purpose. Albina, a homeless dog, was the first dog to travel into space. She completed half the orbit and was able to return to Earth alive and unharmed.

The fate of his disciple Laika was tragic, she died a painful death. Another “conqueror of space” Mukha exploded, because the rocket lost control, and the Soviet people were afraid that it would fall on the territory of another country.

The famous Belka and Strelka became the first animals to perform orbital space flight.. Its duration was 25 hours. Dogs managed to return to Earth, they lived to old age. Now their stuffed animals can be seen at the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics.

2. Mental abilities at the intelligence level of a two-year-old child

Scientists have found that the level of development of the dog corresponds to the level of development of the child from 2 to 2.5 years. The animal knows up to 165 words, can count up to 5. According to them, it is easy to find a common language with a dog if you talk to him like a small child.

1. Average life expectancy 8 to 15 years

As unfortunate as it may seem, but The life expectancy of a dog is much shorter than that of a human. It depends on the breed of the animal and the conditions of detention.. If you have chosen an English Mastiff, a Dogue de Bordeaux or a Newfoundland, be prepared for the fact that the animal will most likely not live up to 10 years. There are long-lived breeds: dachshund, husky, chihuahua, etc.

Of course, each case is individual, but the owner of the dog must remember that the life of the animal is in his hands. Quality food, walks, regular visits to the vet – if you follow all these conditions, you can maximize the life of your pet.

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