Interesting facts about horses: only the most amazing

Hyracotherium was the ancestor of modern horses. But gradually, it changed. In North America, where the ancestors of horses lived, the climate changed, the number of forests decreased, savannahs appeared. The animals had to adapt to new conditions. In order to move faster, they got bigger, switched to plant-based food, which was easier to find.

In total, there are 9-12 types of horses. In the past, they were the ones who did all the hard mechanical work, they were used as beasts of burden, for horse riding, as a drawbar for horse-drawn transport. Before the invention of the engine, they were constantly next to people.

But, nevertheless, 10 interesting facts about horses that you will learn from our article may surprise you, because. we don’t know much about animals, although we meet them quite often. We present you only the most unusual stories.

10. Males have 40 teeth, while females only have 36.

A horse’s number of teeth changes constantly throughout its life. First, they have incisors, but only the central ones, they are called hooks. When the foal reaches a month, the middle ones break out, and the edge – at 6-7 months. At the age of 9 months, all the milk teeth grow in him.

Permanent teeth appear gradually and erupt over several years. An adult horse has only 40 teeth. But mares don’t have fangs. These teeth practically do not take part in digestion, they are considered a rudimentary sign. Most mares (95-98%) do not, but in rare cases (2-5%) they do. About the same number of males lack fangs; there are 36 teeth, like mares.

9. A horse’s brain is half the size of a human.

The brain of an adult horse weighs between 270 and 579 g, which is almost half that of a human.. It is worth considering the fact that this animal is much larger and heavier, weighing about 500-700 kg, i.e. brain size relative to body weight is small.

But, nevertheless, the horse is considered an intelligent animal, it lends itself perfectly to training. You can see it if you go to the circus. Scientists say his mind can be compared to the intelligence of a 3-year-old child. They remember people who treated them well, they understand a lot of words.

Norwegian scientists were able to establish that they had the beginnings of abstract thought. They can communicate their desires to people using different symbols. This was established by observing the behavior of 24 horses, which were kept as pets.

8. Can look in two different directions at the same time

They have the largest eyes when it comes to land mammals. They are located on the sides of the head, so its field of vision is 350°. It is necessary for an animal to detect a predator as quickly as possible and run away.

She has well-developed monocular vision (sees with one eye), and the binocular field of vision (two eyes) is only 65°. To see the closest objects on the ground, she must lower her nose and look down, bend her neck. Horses can distinguish between blue and green colors and their shades, but cannot see red.

7. Horse harness invented by the Chinese

Until the 8th century AD the horse was placed on a pillow, a special belt located on the horse’s neck. He was uncomfortable, because. strangled the animal at the slightest effort. With such a harness, it was impossible to hitch it to a wagon, people could not transport goods along the roads.

In IV BC. the Chinese invented a comfortable harness, it was not worn on the neck, but on the chest of the horse, with the help of belts it was connected to the stretchers. The load then fell on the collarbones and chest, the animal’s neck was no longer tightened by suffocating belts. With a flexible collar around the horse’s chest, it could carry up to 1.5 tons of cargo.

Why did this come to the minds of the Chinese? They had to carry loads over sticky sand and collar harnesses were ineffective. They used such a harness for 1,000 years before it appeared in Europe.

6. Horses love sweets

Like humans, horses are not indifferent to sweets, such as sugar. If you want to calm the animal, you need to give it a few sugar cubes. But sugar has no health benefits, so it is given to him in small amounts as a reward during his training.

If you want to please the horse, it is better to give it sweet carrots, apples or homemade crackers (commercial ones are not good).

5. Old Billy – longtime record holder

The life expectancy of a horse is short – from 25 to 35 years. But there were also champions among them. Among them – a horse named Old Bill, who was able to live 62 years.

He was born in Great Britain, in 1760, in the village of Woolston. The horse had a difficult life. In 1762 it was purchased by a shipping company. Until 1819, Old Bill did the hardest work: towing barges. Then he was transported to the agricultural estates of Luchford. He died in November 1822.

4. Sampson is the tallest horse in the world

In the UK, a breed of heavy horses was bred – Shire, which was distinguished by high growth. It is among them that champions are most often born: the greatest and the greatest. Sampson is a representative of this breed, his height was 2 m 20 cm at the withers, and he weighed 1.52 tons. And, although he was born in 1846, this record has yet to be broken.

The stallion was born in Bedfordshire (England), reached an incredible height at the age of 4. It belonged to Thomas Cleavers.

He was almost overtaken, but could not be overtaken by Big Jake from Wisconsin, whose height at the withers is 2.17 m. Everyone who sees a huge horse is amazed at his growth. He is very friendly, loves to play and have fun, often takes part in charity events.

3. Przewalski’s horse is the only species of wild horse today

It was discovered by NM Przhevalsky in 1878, while returning from his expedition to Asia. He received an interesting gift from the merchant AK Tikhonov – the skull and skin of a horse, which was brought to him by Kazakh hunters. The scientist sent all this to the Zoological Museum in St. Petersburg, where they found out that it was an unknown animal.

It is the only representative of wild horses. Tarpans were the ancestors of domestic animals, but they have long since disappeared. Now, however, they are not found in the wild, but are bred in zoos and reserves to preserve this rare species.

2. Mare of Prometheus – the first cloned horse

Creating the first horse clone was not easy. 327 failed attempts were made before scientists, led by Italian Cesare Galli, managed to create Prometheus. She’s a Haflinger mare. She was born in 2003, on May 28, to her genetic mother. Later, other horses were cloned, including famous champions, but it is impossible to put all this online, because. the procedure is complicated and expensive.

1. The ancestor of horses is the prehistoric horse Eohippus

The ancestors of modern horses were called “hyracotheres”. This is an extinct genus, the oldest of the horse-like representatives.. A small animal whose height at the shoulders did not exceed 20 cm, he ate leaves and fruits.

In appearance, he was absolutely different from his descendants: with a curved back, a short muzzle and legs, and an elongated tail. It had no hooves, only four-toed limbs, more precisely, 4 toes on the front legs and 3 toes on the hind legs. He looked more like a fox in size. They lived in swamp forests, in groups, in North America and Europe.

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