The Amur tiger is considered the northernmost subspecies of tigers, its other name is the Far East. He received such a name, because. lives near the Amur and Ussuri rivers. It has an elongated, beautiful and flexible body, the main color is orange, but the belly is a delicate white color. The coat is very thick, there is a layer of fat on the belly (5 cm), which protects it from the cold and the north wind.
In nature, this subspecies of the tiger lives about fifteen years, in a zoo it can live more than 20. It is active at night.
Each of the tigers prefers to hunt in its territory, and if there is enough food, it does not leave it. It has a huge one – from 300 to 800 km². He hunts small mammals, deer, roe deer, elk, bears, usually 1 out of 10 attempts is successful. He always attacks 1 time, again – very rarely. He needs at least 10 kg of meat per day.
Here are 10 more interesting facts about Amur tigers that you may be interested in.
10. The first tigers appeared more than two million years ago.
To trace the history of tigers, fossil remains were analyzed. But they are not that numerous, they are very fragmented. It was possible to establish that The very first tigers appeared in China. The earliest remains date back to 1.66 to 1.81 million years ago, that is to say. so these animals have already settled throughout East Asia.
9. There are now 6 subspecies of tigers, in the last century 3 subspecies have disappeared
In total there were 9 subspecies of tigers, but 3 of them were destroyed by humans. These include the Bali Tiger, which once lived in Bali. The last representative of this subspecies was seen in 1937.
The Transcaucasian tiger disappeared in the 1960s, it lived in southern Russia, Abkhazia and several other countries. There were Javanese on the island of Java, which disappeared in the 1980s, but already in the 1950s there were only 25 left.
8. All types of tigers are listed in the Red Book
The total number of these predators is not so large – only 4000-6500 individuals, mainly Bengal tigers, this subspecies account for 40% of the total. In Russia in the XX century it was decided to add tigers to the Red Bookin each country these animals are included in their protection documents.
From now on, the hunting of tigers is prohibited all over the world. This applies to all types. In the 19th century, there were a lot of Amur tigers, but they began to exterminate it, destroying 100 animals a year.
In the 30s of the 20th century, the situation became worse than ever: there were about 50 animals left in the USSR. The reason was not only the hunting of this beast, but the constant deforestation in the region where they live, as well as a decrease in the number of ungulates it hunts.
In 1947, it was forbidden to hunt the Amur tiger. However, poachers continued to destroy this rare subspecies. In 1986, many animals were also killed. 3 years ago, almost all the ungulates died from the plague, and the tigers began to go to people in search of food, ate cattle and dogs. In the 1990s, interest in tiger bones and skins increased, Chinese buyers paid a lot of money for them.
Since 1995, the protection of the Amur tigers was taken under state control, the situation began to improve. Now there are about five hundred and eighty people, but there is still a lot of work to do.
7. Mark territory in different ways
Tigers choose a vast territory for their life. To show other individuals that the place is occupied, they mark it in different ways.. They can spray urine on tree trunks. Making a new turn, the tiger is constantly updating its markings.
Another way to show who’s boss here is to scratch tree trunks. He tries to leave them as high as possible so that the opponent understands that he is dealing with a huge beast. Tigers loosen snow or earth.
Tags are the primary means of communication for these animals. They can leave urinary traces on trunks, bushes, rocks. First, the tiger sniffs them, then turns around, raises its tail so that it becomes vertical and ejects urine in a net, about 60-125 cm high.
6. Saliva has a disinfectant effect
Tiger saliva contains natural substances that act on wounds as an antiseptic.. Thanks to this, they recover and heal faster. Therefore, these animals often lick themselves and do not die if they suddenly receive a minor injury.
five. On average, tigers eat twice as much meat as lions.
A lion can eat up to 30 kg of meat at one time, but an adult animal does not need much food: a female needs 5 kg of meat to survive, and a male 7 kg. Everything is more complicated with tigers, they are more voracious. In a year, a tiger can eat 50-70 animals, he eats a deer for several days. At one time, he destroys 30-40 kg of meat, if it is a hungry large male, then 50 kg. But these animals endure a small hunger strike without compromising their health due to the fat layer.
4. solitary animals
Adult tigers prefer to lead a solitary life.. Everyone has their territory, they will defend it desperately. The personal territory belonging to the male is sixty to one hundred km², the female has much less – 20 km².
The male can allow the female to be located on part of its site. The tigresses can sometimes be aggressive towards each other, but if their territories overlap, they generally do not touch the rival.
The males are different. They will never let another tiger into their territory, they won’t even allow you to just cross it. But the males get along well with the tigresses, sometimes even sharing their prey with them.
3. Wildlife sanctuaries in India wear masks on the back of their heads to reduce the risk of a tiger attacking from behind.
The tiger is always in ambush, waiting for its prey at a waterhole or on the trails. It crawls up to its prey, moving with cautious steps, trying to crouch on the ground. When it manages to approach as close as possible, it catches up with the prey with huge leaps, trying to grab the prey by the throat.
It is believed that if the prey notices the tiger, it does not attack it, it will look for another victim. Knowing this characteristic of the tiger, in Indian nature reserves, workers put a mask imitating a human face on the back of their heads. This helps scare the tiger, which prefers to attack from behind, from an ambush.
2. Mainland tigers are larger than island tigers
The tiger is considered the heaviest and largest wild cat, but its subspecies differ from each other. The largest tigers are continental. The length of a male Amur or Bengal tiger can reach two and a half meters, sometimes up to almost 3 meters without a tail. They weigh about 275 kg, but there are individuals and heavier – 300-320 kg. For comparison, the Sumatran tiger, originally from the island of Sumatra, weighs much less: adult males – 100-130 kg, tigresses – 70-90 kg.
1. In China, tigers are considered king animals.
Throughout the world, the lion is the king of animals, but for the Chinese, it is the tiger.. For them, it is a sacred animal, a symbol of natural strength, military prowess, masculinity. It was believed that he could and should be imitated, admired.
Once upon a time, as the Chinese believe, people peacefully coexisted with tigers, moreover, these animals accompanied heroes and gods. The Chinese believed that tigers could defeat demons, so they wore their fangs and claws in a silver frame to scare away evil spirits and stay healthy. At the entrance of many temples, palaces put twin images of these predators.