Determining the record snake is not so easy, because. in captivity, measuring the size of a snake will not work. There are many stories of reptiles being captured in various forests of gigantic size, but there is no documentary evidence.
The largest snake on the planet has been recognized as an extinct species, Titanoboa, which was most likely related to the boa constrictor. They lived in the territory of modern Colombia about 60 million years ago. Zoologists, after analyzing its skeleton, decided that it weighed more than a ton and could reach 15 m in length.
The modern length record holder is the reticulated python. The largest snake that lived in captivity is Samantha, its length is 7.5 m, it was a female reticulated python. She could be seen at the Bronx Zoo, and a record snake was caught in Borneo, she lived until 2002.
We present to you a list with photographs of the 10 longest snakes in the world: individuals listed in the Guinness Book of World Records.
10. Mulga, up to 3 m
This snake lives in Australia, in open forests, in grasslands, deserts, everywhere except tropical forests. Mulga during a bite can release up to 150 mg of poison. There is not much chance of surviving after being bitten.
It is brown in color, usually adult height is 1.5m, weight is about 3kg. But the largest specimens can measure up to 3 m and weigh more than 6 kg. It feeds on lizards, frogs, snakes. The female can lay 8 to 20 eggs.
9. Bushmaster, up to 3m
The largest poisonous snake in South America bush master or, as it is also called, surukuku. Meeting her is not so easy, because. it leads a solitary life and prefers uninhabited territories. Its skin is covered with ribbed scales, yellowish-brown, a brown diamond-shaped pattern is visible on the body.
The usual length of the snake is 2.5-3 m, but sometimes it reaches record sizes up to 4 m and weighs 3-5 kg. It is found in dense tropical forests, near water, during the day it mainly hides in dense thickets. Go hunting at night, catch rodents, can eat birds or other snakes. Its poison is dangerous, but its mortality is not so high, no more than 12%.
8. Light tabby python, up to 3 m
Tiger pythons are non-venomous snakes found in Asia in tropical rainforests. Snakes hide in holes, in tree trunks, they can climb trees. They usually live near bodies of water and are excellent swimmers. They eat small animals: various rodents, birds, monkeys, kill them, suffocate them with their bodies.
There is a subspecies of these snakes – light tiger pythonalso called Indian. It has a light color, which is dominated by lighter brown or yellow colors. Large individuals can reach 4-5 m.
7. Amethyst python, up to 4 m
This snake lives in Australia, is considered the largest in the country and is protected by law. It is found in Queensland, on various islands, in humid forests, wooded savannahs. They like to hide in trees, in rocks, under stones.
Average amethyst python grows not very tall, from 2 to 4 m, but there are also 5-6 m individuals, according to old reports, they can reach up to 8.5 m in length. Snakes feed on small birds, lizards and animals, large individuals even hunt bush kangaroos, often eat small dogs, cats and chickens.
6. Black mamba, up to 4 m
A poisonous snake is common in Africa Black Mamba, which prefers to crawl on the ground, only occasionally climbing trees. It is dark olive or grayish brown in color, but the inside of its mouth is black in color, hence its name. She is considered very dangerous, before meeting her, she always led to death, but then an antidote was invented. In addition, the snake is very aggressive and easily excited; after a bite, a person can die in 45 minutes.
Its length is 2.5-3 m, but some specimens reach up to 4.3 m, but so far there is no documented information that it can reach such sizes. With such a length, it weighs about 1.6 kg, because. is thin.
Another of its characteristics is the speed of movement, over short distances it is 16-19 km / h, but it is officially confirmed that it has reached speeds of up to 11 km / h.
5. Boa constrictor, up to 5 m
It is found in South and Central America and the Lesser Antilles. boaconstrictor prefers moist forests and river valleys. In some countries they are captured and kept in barns and houses to kill rats and mice.
The size of the snake depends on the subspecies, as well as on its nutrition, the abundance of food. Usually, females are larger than males, weighing an average of 10-15 kg, but their weight can reach 27 kg. This is a large snake, reaching 2.5-3 m, there are also individuals that reach 5.5 m.
It has a bright and contrasting color. Boa constrictors are good swimmers, the young ones climb trees, and the older, larger ones prefer to hunt on the ground. They live for about 20 years.
4. King Cobra, up to 6 m
Among poisonous snakes, it is the largest, the average size of which is 3-4 m, but there are individual specimens of up to 5.6 m.
the biggest king cobra was captured in Negeri Sembilan. It happened in 1937, its length was almost 6 m – 5.71 m, it was sent to the London Zoo.
Snakes prefer to live in the tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia, grow throughout their lives and live for about 30 years. They hide in burrows and caves, prefer to feed on rodents. They often live near humans. She is very dangerous, because. Cobra venom causes paralysis of the respiratory muscles, from which a person can die after 15 minutes. after its bite.
3. Black tiger python, up to 6 m
Large non-venomous snake. In nature, it rarely reaches record sizes, reaches a length of 3.7-5 m, some individuals weigh up to 75 kg and reach up to 5 m. The biggest are the females.
the biggest tiger python in the world that lived in captivity – Baby or “Baby”, she lived in the Snake Safari Park in Illinois, 5.74 m long.
Lives in the tropical jungle. The python can dive and swim when young, climbing trees. It feeds on birds and animals. They have a calm, non-aggressive character, a beautiful catchy color, which is why these snakes are often kept at home.
2. Anaconda, up to 6 m
It is considered the most massive snake. She lives in South America, leads an aquatic lifestyle, never crawls far from water, swims and dives well.
If you believe the books, this snake can grow to enormous sizes. The naturalist Georg Dahl wrote about anaconda 8.43 m long, and Rolf Blomberg mentions a specimen at 8.54 m. They say they caught a 11 m 43 cm snake in 1944. The largest specimens described in the literature are 18.59 m and 24.38 m.
But scientists do not agree with these claims. Around 780 captured snakes passed through their hands, but the largest was a female from Venezuela, measuring up to 5.21m, when she weighed 97.5kg. Scientists are sure that the maximum size they can reach is 6.7 m. On average, males reach 3 m, and females up to 4.6 m, their height does not exceed 5 m. Adults weigh 30 to 70 kg.
1. Asian Reticulated Python, up to 8 m
The longest snake in the world has long been recognized Asian reticulated python. He received this name due to the complex pattern on the body.
Naturalist Ralph Blomberg wrote about a snake 33 feet long, that is, 10 m. But there is no information confirming this. Thus the Philippine python, more than 14 m long, turned out to be 2 times smaller. In the wild, these snakes can reach 7-8 m in length.
In South Sumatra, more than 1,000 wild pythons have been measured, their size ranged from 1.15 to 6.05 m. One of the largest was caught in Indonesia – 6.96 m, weighing 59 kg. The record holder, as mentioned above, is Samantha. But there was another 9.75m long reticulated python, which was shot about. Celebes in Indonesia in 1912. He entered the Guinness Book of Records.